Early trades in Southowram around 1810
So much information in just one article. Early employment in Southowram.
Population - 4256 included what is now Siddal, Cromwell, Walterclough, Brookfoot, Bank Bottom and Shibden.
Where was the 'Single Sisters' pub?
Where was Chequer Inn? It's been suggested that this was the 'Manor House'?
An old ledger was found in the Social Club in 1983 which detailed life in the village in the 1920's and the second world war. (Does anyone know where this is?)
The book apparently reveals the activities in the life of the club and the days of public bathing, spittoons and yearly 'At Homes'.
In those days, very few people had private bathrooms and the club provided bathing facilities for everyone in the village at a cost of three old pence for two people with their own soap and towel.
In May 1924, a stern moral ruling was introduced stating that no two persons over the age of 12 years were to be allowed in the same bath together.
From 1946: 31st
Housing crisis: squatters take over army camps
ON A Sunday afternoon
in September, two men and their wives strode into the former
Withinfields Army camp in Law Lane, Southowram, and installed
themselves in one of the deserted buildings. By the end of the
week, they had been joined by 16 families who had taken up residence
in 15 of the 36 huts - without permission.
It was not the only
squatters’ camp in the area. Families were also moving into the
redundant huts at Birds Royd, Rastrick, which had once been occupied
by the Royal Army Ordnance Corps. Nor was the phenomenon
confined to this district. Throughout the country, thousands were
claiming squatters’ rights in deserted military camps as Britain
found itself in the grip of an acute housing shortage.
During the war, hardly
any new houses had been built while the new Labour government was
struggling to keep its post-war election pledge of building 200,000
new homes a year - partly because many building labourers were still
awaiting de-mob and also because Aneurin Bevan, the minister
responsible for health and housing, was determined that quality of
public housing should come before quantity.
The problem was further
compounded by a baby boom which had increased the population by one
million. The shortage of
accommodation as ex-servicemen were reunited their wives and young
children meant that many families found themselves living relatives
which was far from ideal. The squatters’
actions often found backing from official quarters. Coun F. Palmer
told Brighouse Town Council that the squatters in their area were
decent and respectable people and with one exception, were residents
of Brighouse Borough. He did not know what
the council could do about the situation and he wished the squatters
In fact, a few weeks
later, Brighouse Corporation took possession of the camps and agreed
fixed charges with the squatters of between 6s and 9s a week. Those families who were
able to move into their own homes were regarded as lucky. At the beginning of
September, for example, Mr and Mrs E.F. Smelt, and their two children
aged two and four became the first family to move into the first
Halifax Corporation house to be completed under its post war schemes.
As they moved into
their home in Cousin Lane, Ovenden, it marked the end of a five year
wait. Mr Smelt, who worked at Denham Engineering Co, Holmfield, had
previously served in the Army for nine years.
offered a temporary solution for thousands of families around the
country and by the end of September, the first “prefabs” were
being erected at Haley Bank, Haley Hill, Halifax. Made of plasterboard
and aluminium by aircraft manufacturers, they arrived in kit form in
four three-ton sections which were lifted into place by a mobile
The first prefab was
put into place in just one hour by 12 men and by the end of the week,
five more had been erected - had the site been level and the weather
better, more would have been put up during that time. The prefabs featured
kitchen fittings, a wardrobe and plenty of cupboards and were much
loved by their new occupiers.
Mr and Mrs George Kaye
and their eight-month-old daughter were among the first residents in
Haley Bank, having realised their ambition to have a place of their
own. The couple had married
in 1940 but while Mr Kaye served with the Royal Armoured Corps during
the war, Mrs Kaye had continued to live with her parents. They could find no
fault with their new home and although it was one of the few without
central heating, they could find no suspicion of the “sweating”
which was said to be one of the disadvantages.
Although pre-fabs were
expected to last ten years, some still exist in Calderdale today.